Persepolis (ancient city, Iran).
Persepolis, or Parsa, was an ancient Persian city in what is now Iran. Founded by the Persian peoples of the Achaemenid Empire in 518 BCE, Persepolis was captured by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 330 BCE, leading to its plundering and destruction. Historians are not sure exactly what motivated Alexander to destroy the city's fabled grand palace, but it is known that prior to his arrival, Persepolis was a thriving metropolis and a great center of culture and learning. After Alexander's departure, few traces of its former glory remained....
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2017. 2p.